Historical monuments of Samarkand impress contemporaries by their beauty and greatness. On one of these unique monuments of architecture – Registan square – every biennium between 25th and 30st of August International Music Festival "Sharq Taronalari" ("Melodies of Orient") is held on regularly organized under the patronage of UNESCO. International Music Festival "Sharq Taronalari" ("Melodies of Orient") is one of the biggest festivals in Central Asia. The main aims and objectives of the festival are to popularize widely the best achievements of national music art, to preserve and develop great traditions of people, to encourage talents in musical and vocal sphere, as well as to spread in further international creative ties, to strengthen cultural-spiritual cooperation, to praise peace, friendship and ideas of mutual sympathetic.The first International Music Festival "Sharq Taronalari" ("Melodies of Orient") took place in 1997 at which participated musical groups and performers from 31 different countries. Today it became one of the most popular and famous festivals not only in Central Asia but also abroad. The bright evidence to this is that year after year not only the number and the artistic level of participants are increasing, but also geographical range of participating countries is widened. Thus, at the 8th International Music Festival "Sharq Taronalari" that was held on in 2011, participants from more than 55 countries attended the event. It became a good tradition to undertake international scientific conferences, devoted to particular aspects of music, at which participate scientists and scholars from all over the world. Each Festival, that was held on in Samarkand is unique and exclusive.