Termez


In the second half of the XVIII Century, in the south of Old Termez, near Surkhandarya river there appeared a kishlak (village) Pattakesar. Hundred of years later, on its exact spot, Termez was built. In 1888, Russia relocated a number of companies in these places for its influence intensification purposes. Electricity cables pulling, communication, telegraph, and railway building; it favored Termez's development and turned it to a strategic-military point on the Amudarya river.

Sultan-Saodat Now, the city is Surkhandarya regional center, separated from the Republic by mountains: Kugitangay in the West, Gissar ridge in the North and Babatag in the East. Termez is the warmest city in Uzbekistan: the winter is warm; the summer is long-lasting and hot.

Kokildor-ata mausoleum The ancient name of Termez Tarmit comes from the name of the Greek-Bactrian King Demetriy, who built a citadel in ancient Termez. Therefore, the city was named after him.

Termez plays a main role in the cultural development of Central Asian people. It is one of the most ancient cities, significantly contributed development of the Great Silk Road, which is the main cross-road of world civilization.

Khakim at-Termeziy Exactly through Termez in China and the Far East were disseminating Buddhism and related to it architectural traditions. Unique memorials of Old Termez always were in the focus of historians and travelers attention. There is important information about Termez in manuscripts of Chinese travelers of the VII Century, Ibn Khordodbekh, Maksidi Istakhari. Ibn, Khvkal, in Greek, Armenian, Chinese, Persian, and Arabic sources, in "Shakh-Name" poem, in the works of great scientist, Abu Raikhan Beruniy works Arabic traveler Ibn Batut, Spanish ambassador Pui Gonzales de Klavikho, Hungarian orientalist Geraman Vambery and others.

Dalverzintepa A great event in world culture was opening with the unique archeological memorial of Kushan state, 60 kilometers farther from Termez, not far from Shurchi town - settlement Dalverzintepa. The settlement is surrounded by a defensive wall 10 meters high with towers, inside these towers were dislocated galleries and casemates, and there are squares for metal weapons and slingers on the wall crests. The central part of the city were busy with rich citizens blocks, sharpen by blocks with parade and economic yards. In the south part there were handcrafts workshops. Many archeological findings of khindi- buddhism and Hellenistic cultures items say, that Dalverzintepa is situated on the one of most ancient branch of the Great Silk Road, what laid from Termit crossed theSurkhan village.

There were found ruins of Buddhistic sanctuary in suburban Dalvezintepa's zone, due to found coins, based near the I century BC and one of the most unique sculptures is kushan's governor head in a sharp-pointed hat.

Djarkurgan minaret Here was found a second Buddhism complex with statues of Buddha and Badhisatva, and also Bactrian temple with wall painting. A bright memorial of the epoch is "golden" treasure, weighs 36 kilograms, found during excavations in Dalverzintepa included gold, silver and precious metals items and jewelers.

Complex Kara-Tepe Remains from the temple walls, Buddhistic religious cave complex Kara-Tepe (II-III), feudal city of the IX-XII Century remain, mazar (mausoleum) of Khakim at-Termeziy (XI-XV), the unique building Kirk-Kiz ("forty girls"), ensemble of mausoleums Sultan-Saodat (XI-XVII), Kokildor-ata mausoleum (XVI), Djakurgan minaret (1109) and many other muslim and buddhistic contructions of different periods. In the surrounding mountings of the city there are many ancient mines, galleries and cave towns concealed, many of them still haven't been researched.