Official name: Republic of Turkmenistan

Area: 489,000 km2

Population: 5,171,943 (2014 estimate)

Capital: Ashgabat

Official language: Turkmen

Government: Unitary presidential republic

President: Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow

Religion: Islam, Eastern Orthodox Church

Currency: Turkmen new manat (TMT)

Time zone: TMT (UTC+5)

Drives on the: right

Banks operating days: Monday - Friday

Electric power: 220V AC, 50A (Standard 2-pin plug socket)

Calling code: +993

Internet TLD: .tm

Flag of Turkmenistan
Flag of Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan is a Central Asia country located at the North of the mountain range Kopet-Dag between the Caspian sea and the river Amou-Daria. It has common frontiers with Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan at the North and the North-East, with Iran and Afghanistan at the South and the South-East. Karakoum desert is the most significant feature of the country by being the biggest desert in the world (covering 80 % of the area). Most of the mountains of Turkmenistan are inaccessible. The vestiges of the ancient Silk Road are going from Central China up to the Mediterranean coast, going through Turkmenistan.

The country is located in one of the highest seismic regions of the world.

It has a subtropical desert climate and the summers are quite hot.