Official name: Republic of Uzbekistan

Area: 447,400 km2

Population: 31,025,500 (2015 estimate)

Capital: Tashkent

Official language: Uzbek

Government: Presidential republic

President: Shavkat Mirziyoyev

Official religion: No

Religions practiced: Majority is Muslims, also Orthodox and Judaism

Currency: Sum (UZS)

Time zone: UZT (UTC+5)

Drives on the: right

Banks operating days: Monday - Friday

Electric power: 220V AC, 50A (Standard 2-pin plug socket)

Calling code: +998

Internet TLD: .uz

The Republic of Uzbekistan declared September 1, 1991 the Day of Independence. The new country appeared on world map and its priorities were to establish a free democratic society and to develop a market economy. The Republic has been recognized by more than 165 countries and diplomatic relations have been established with more than 120. The embassies of more than 40 countries and many authorized international non-governmental agencies have set up their offices in Tashkent. The embassies of Uzbekistan operate in 25 countries of the world and its consulates 10 countries. The country joined the UN in March 1992.

Since the first days of independence the government of the country has found the way to meet the interests of the Uzbek nation and provide social, political and economic stability.

At present trade-economic links have been established with more than 140 countries. More than 3800 joint ventures operate in the Republic and the total volume of exported goods has increased 1,5 times.

Support to on-going reforms in the economic and social spheres is provided by the international financial structures.

Uzbekistan is developing its co-operation with well-known international organizations such as the EU, OSCE, NATO and is strengthening mutually beneficial bilateral relations with many countries of Europe, America, Asia, Africa, and the countries of the CIS.

Geographical position of Uzbekistan

The Republic of Uzbekistan is situated in the central part of Central Asia between two rivers: the Amudarya and Syrdarya. The Turan Lowland lies to the northwest, and the Tien-Shan and Pamir-Alay mountain ridges are located in the southeast of the territory. The The Republic of Uzbekistan is situated in the central part of Central Asia between two rivers: the Amudarya and Syrdarya. The Turan Lowland lies to the northwest, and the Tien-Shan and Pamir-Alay mountain ridges are located in the southeast of the territory. The Kyzyl-Kum Desert defines the Northern part of the country. Uzbekistan borders Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, and Afghanistan.

Climate of Uzbekistan

The climate of Uzbekistan is extremely continental with a great number of sunny days. The average monthly temperature in January ranges from -10 °С to +3 °С. Summer is hot and dry. The average monthly temperature in July varies from +35 °С to +45 °С. Autumn is relatively warm and is the season when delicious fruits and vegetables are in abundance in the numerous bazaars (markets). The average annual temperature is 13 °С.

Annual average temperature, °С

Month J F M A M J J A S O N D
Tashkent -1 5 15 18 22 25 32 25 20 15 12 5
Samarkand 1 7 17 20 23 27 30 27 21 16 13 6
Bukhara 0 5 16 18 22 26 32 27 21 16 12 4
Khiva -2 5 14 17 21 25 34 26 20 15 12 5

Currency of Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan som

Uzbekistan's monetary unit is soum (available in banknotes of 10, 25, 50, 100, 200, 500, 1000 and 5000, and in coins of 5, 10, 20 and 50). US dollars and other hard currencies as well as traveller's cheques and credits cards may be exchanged for soums in any branch of the National Bank of Uzbekistan. At the same time paying by credit cards is becoming widely spread in the big stories, hotels, etc.

Economy of Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan is a leading industrial country of Central Asian region .Thanks to the thoroughly considered economic policy of Uzbekistan Government country passed the transition period with least negative consequences. The Gross Domestic Products decline accounted for just 17% . According to the statistical date Uzbekistan first country where GDP exceeded the pre - reformed level as early as in 1996.

Within the last four years the annual GDP growth has been over 7 %. In spite of difficulties related to the world financial - economic crisis, in 2010 the GDP grew by 8.1% growth rate of the industry amounted to 9%, agriculture -5.7% consumer goods production -13.9%. According to the estimations of IMF GDP growth in 2011 will make not less than 7%.

Administrative division of Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan consist of 12 provinces (viloyatlar, singular - viloyat): Andijon Viloyati, Buxoro Viloyati, Farg'ona Viloyati, Jizzax Viloyati, Namangan Viloyati, Navoiy Viloyati, Qashqadaryo Viloyati (Qarshi), Samarqand Viloyati, Sirdaryo Viloyati (Guliston), Surxondaryo Viloyati (Termiz), Toshkent Viloyati, Xorazm Viloyati (Urganch)

1 autonomous republic* (respublika): Qaraqalpog'iston Respublikasi* (Nukus)


January 1 - New Year

March 8 - International Women's Day

March 21 - Navruz (Central Asian New Year)

May 1 - Labor Day

May 9 - Memorial / Remembrance Day

September 1 - Independence Day

October 1 - Teacher's Day

December 8 - Constitution Day

There are other religious holidays are determined in accordance with a Lunar Calendar:

Ramadan Khait (Eid-Al-Fitr)

Kurban Khait (Eid-Al-Adha)

Airways of Uzbekistan

Flights of Uzbekistan Airways

The most convenient way to travel to Uzbekistan is by taking flight to Tashkent, the capital, from main international airports of Europe, Asia and Middle East. The national airline is Uzbekistan Airways (HY), which significantly expanded its routes since independence of Uzbekistan, offers regular flights to London, Birmingham, Amsterdam, Athens, Frankfurt am Main, Paris, Peking, Bangkok, Dhaka, Delhi, Istanbul, Kuala Lumpur, New York, Seoul, and Tel Aviv. Further, HY offers flights to many destinations within the CIS and Uzbekistan.

In addition, Tashkent is also served by several international carriers: Lufthansa (Frankfurt/M and Almaty), Pakistan International Airways (Islamabad), Air India (Delhi), Turkish Airlines (Istanbul), Shinjiang Airways (Urumchi in China) and Arianna (Kabul).

Uzbekistan Airways

Airbus fleet to over 20 worldwide destinations international airports: Tashkent, Samarkand, Urgench.

Domestic airports: Bukhara, Qarshi, Termez, Navoi, Zarafshan, Nukus, Fergana, and Namangan.

Railway 7000 km. Service to most major cities.

Clothing in Uzbekistan

Very light and loose clothing (preferably cotton or natural fibers) is recommended for daytime use, with a light jumper and/or casual jacket for the cooler evenings. Because of the large amount of sightseeing on foot in dry, dusty and sometimes rough areas (i.e. dirt, cobblestones, etc.), comfortable, solid walking shoes with strong soles and support are essential. You may be required to remove your shoes upon entry to some religious sites. There are no special clothing requirements for visiting Islamic religious sites, except that you should take care to cover most parts of your body including your arms and legs.

Above all travelers are encouraged to dress for comfort rather than fashion. Valuable jewelry and any clothing requiring special attention should be left at home.

Due to the very high danger of sunburn, your clothing should offer as much protection as possible.

A hat with good shade protection and sunglasses are essential.

In some areas the average visitor may appear extremely wealthy to local people. A lavish display of jewelry, bulging handbags and wallets, and a neck full of cameras will make you stand out in a crowd. Be discreet and respectful of the local culture and traditions and carry a minimum of valuables.

Credit cards in Uzbekistan

Credit cards (Amex, Visa and Master Cards) are generally accepted in most of the hotels and restaurants here. However it is not a very well developed system, hence it is also advised to carry a good amount of cash with you as well, so as to avoid any troublesome situation. You may exchange you credit card for cash at some hotels, e.g. Uzbekistan, Radisson SAS, Intercontinental, Markaziy, etc. but this is upon actual availability of local currency (Sum) in the ATM at the time of withdrawal. It is also available to withdraw money from your Credit card at the central building of NBU (National Bank of Uzbekistan) and all regional subsidiaries of this bank.

Communication in Uzbekistan

Mobile connection works in most parts of Uzbekistan and the services are cheap. There are several popular mobile service providers in Uzbekistan - Ucell , Beeline, Perfectum Mobile. A foreigner can get a SIM card after showing his passport. For activating the cell phone connection a person has to be registered. Generally some vendors are not aware of the law and refuse to sell to foreigners. You can find Internet cafés in most of the cities. Speeds can sometimes be fast but generally speed is relatively slow.

Drinks in Uzbekistan

Local mineral water contains a higher level of minerals than western spring or bottled water and the taste can be rather "salty" (these mineral waters are considered healthier than European spring or mineral waters).

Imported spirits and wines are available, however in some places the provenance of some spirits and wines is questionable and the prices inflated. Accordingly, you are advised to purchase your favorite alcohol duty free prior to arrival.


Register from each hotel that you stayed and keep the small certificate in your passport.

Security in Uzbekistan

Individual safety boxes are not always available in Uzbekistan hotels. An essential part of your luggage is a comfortable money wallet, which may be worn under your clothing. At all times you should carry your main documents (i.e. currency, traveler's checks, air tickets, passports, visas etc.) While it is highly unlikely you will encounter any physical danger, minor thefts in crowded pubic places may occur and every precaution should be taken to avoid losing anything of value.

In accordance with local laws, you will be required to hand in your passport to the hotel reception on arrival to allow registration of your passport details by the hotel. Your passport will normally be available again after a few hours. Do not forget to collect it before departure.

Shopping in Uzbekistan

Travelers in Uzbekistan will be pleasantly surprised by the interesting jewelry, clothing and local handicrafts. Books, postcards and maps are other popular souvenirs. There are restrictions on exporting carpets from the country, ask your Tour Guide for detailed up-to-date information on this matter, before purchasing one.